IDEG in the Media

4th Republic @25: Dr Akwetey calls for prioritisation of competence for dev't

11 January 2018

4th Republic @25: Dr Akwetey calls for prioritisation of competence for dev't
Source: Ghana | | George Nyavor |
Date: 11-01-2018 Time: 05:01:18:am

Dr Emmanuel Akwetey

As the country celebrates the Silver Jubilee of the 4th Republic, Executive Director of the Institute for Democratic Governance (IDGE) has called a focus on talents and skills as a key resource for national development.

Dr Emmanual Akwetey says the current situation where government appointees are usually made based, largely, on their political affiliations instead of their competence, must end.

“As a nation, we have not come to point of deciding the best method of resolving our disagreements and then create the basis for which we can concentrate on development. And because we disagree ‘I can’t work with you, and your skills are not so important’...That is not the way to go if your focus is on development...development needs a lot of skills and competencies,” he said.

He made the comments during an interview with Nana Ansah Kwao IV on current affairs programme PM Express on the Joy News channel (Multi TV).

Silver Jubilee of 4th Republic

The Nana Akufo-Addo-led Government recently marked the Silver Jubilee of the Fourth Republic of Ghana with a thanksgiving service at the Independence Square in Accra on Sunday, January 7.

The program was intended to celebrate the stable democracy under the Fourth Republic.

Under the Fourth Republican journey which began with the promulgation of the 1992 Constitution, the country has followed multiparty democracy for 25 years uninterrupted.

Watch the full service in the video below


The first regime of the Fourth Republic saw the reign of Former President Jerry John Rawlings, whose leadership transitioned from a military government to a constitutional rule in response to demands for a more democratic process concerning the governing of the country.

After two terms in office, barred by the constitution from standing in any election, Rawlings endorsed his Vice-President late Professor John Atta Mills as the presidential candidate in 2000.


Other leaders under the Fourth Republic are Former President John Agyekum Kufuor, late Professor John Evans Atta Mills and Former President John Dramani Mahama.

Progress and problems

The discussion with Dr Akwetey on the nightly programme focused on progress and problems that governance in Ghana has encountered 25 years after 4th Republic was promulgated.

The respected Director of governance think tank IDEG noted, for instance, that Ghana’s development is being impeded because governments over the years have allowed political motivations to cloud their judgements in key national decision making.

“Nobody is sure that the initiatives that our President [Nana Akufo-Addo] has started will be sustained, expanded upon...after four years or eight years,” he laments.

He said in countries where progress has been made, various talents were pooled together “in a master craft where you coordinated and harnessed [competencies] because you want to go forward and you want to go diagonally up.”

The effect of this politics-motivated approach to governance is that for “60 years of our existence [from the 1st Republic], we have created a system of insecurity”, he said.

He is convinced that after six decades, Ghana has reached the point where the different political parties and ideologies must reach a consensus on key development issues.

Watch more from the discussion in the video link below